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What is Whiplash?
The term "whiplash" was originally coined in 1928 by H.E. Crowe. Whiplash is not an injury. It is a convenient word to describe the overall mechanism of acceleration - deceleration injuries. It indicates sudden reversal of inertial forces and implies that some damage has resulted. It further implies lack of direct trauma that would result in contusions or lacerations.
Very rarely do fractures and/or dislocation occur. Symptoms are most frequently noticed in the neck and head, across the shoulders, and sometimes in the lower back.
"Whiplash injuries are particularly complex because multiple body parts are injured simultaneously."